Also a generic term for lesbian and gay sexuality - some women define themselves as gay rather than lesbian. Grooming is described as a person intentionally developing a relationship with a young person under the age of 16 'in order to gain their trust and persuade them into vulnerable situations where they can then be sexually assaulted'. Scotland The age of consent to any form of sexual activity is 16 for both men and women, so that any sexual activity between an adult and someone under 16 is a criminal offence. The various sexual offences laws in force in the UK do not affect the ability of professionals to provide confidential sexual health advice, information or treatment. People whose internal psychological experience differs from their assigned sex are transgender , transsexual , or non-binary. This may be shortened to trans man, or FTM, an abbreviation for female-to-male.
Scotland: if a reasonable person would, in all the circumstances of the case, consider it to be sexual. Separate guidance has been issued by the Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety to inform practitioners and professionals about the implications of the law on child protection procedures. Laqueur suggests that from the Renaissance to the 18th century, there was a prevailing inclination among doctors towards the existence of only one biological sex the one-sex theory , that women and men had the same fundamental reproductive structure. Asexual Bisexual Heterosexual Homosexual. Homophobia : The fear and hatred of or discomfort with people who are attracted to members of the same sex or gender.
Gender identity — a person's sense of their own gender, whether male, female or non-binary; expressed through clothing, behaviour and personal appearance. Hormones and Behavior. A working definition in use by the World Health Organization for its work is that "'[g]ender' refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women" and that "'masculine' and 'feminine' are gender categories. Many feminists consider sex to only be a matter of biology and something that is not about social or cultural construction. There is some overlap with the offences of rape and sexual assault by penetration. Often expressed in terms of masculinity and femininity, gender is largely culturally determined and is assumed from the sex assigned at birth. Some feminist philosophers maintain that gender is totally undetermined by sex.
These offences may not all apply in each different UK country. Separate guidance has been issued by the Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety to inform practitioners and professionals about the implications of the law on child protection procedures. How people talk about gender issues Gender dysphoria — discomfort or distress caused by a mismatch between a person's gender identity and their biological sex assigned at birth. Someone whose gender identity is the same as the sex they were assigned at birth. Specific laws protect children under 13, who cannot legally give their consent to any form of sexual activity. This form of systemic prejudice may even be unintentional and unrecognized by the people or organizations responsible. The term "gender non-conforming" refers to people whose gender expression is different from conventional expectations of masculinity or femininity.